When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. This web project was created to facilitate the use of fathead minnow genome as a resource. The Inland Fishes of Mississippi. (1980) indicated that the species was native to eastern Montana and introduced to many sites in the central part of the state; however, Holton (1990) listed it as native to Montana and did not discuss the possibility of introduction. Lee et al. Maximum two to two and a half years. Their range touches the Northwest Territories (southern drainage of Great Slave Lake), covers most of Alberta, the southern two-thirds of Saskatchewan and Manitoba, most of Ontario (reaching Hudson Bay), southwestern Quebec, and the northwestern corner of New Brunswick. P. promelas can spawn anytime between May and September. The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. Hatching times can vary from 13 days at lower temperatures (15°C) to 4 days at higher temperatures (25°C) (Ross et al., 2001). Sommer A, 2012. Black or Red Fathead Minnows. The fathead minnow is an ideal baitfish species for pond stocking, and due to its many positive attributes is the most recommended baitfish as a purely forage species. U.S. Hall, and W.F. Biological Resources Research Center. Danylchuk AJ; Tonn WM, 2000. http://www.fishbase.org, Godard MJ, Britton JR, Guillerault N, Zieba G, Copp GH, 2010. Population size decreases as a result of the effects of oestrogen on reproductive health (Kidd et al., 2007). Transportation of crude oil across North America’s boreal ecozone creates the potential for spills in freshwater where less is known about the sensitivity of resident fish than for marine systems. It has been accidently or intentionally introduced to many areas, where it has been stocked for its use as bait or as an aquarium pet. (1959), the first record of. [Invasive species in Belgium.] Within the range of T concentrations typically produced by fathead minnow gonad tissue in culture and the range of trilostane concentrations effective in reducing E2 production, the T measurements could not be adequately corrected for the cross-reactivity. 1999. Glacial cycles as an allopatric speciation pump in north-eastern American freshwater fishes. Fish Species Recorded from Nevada. state centroids or Canadian provinces). The creek chub (Semotilus atromaculatus) can be easily mistaken for P. promelas, but this species can be identified by its larger jaw, 8 anal fins, a complete lateral line and 11 or fewer gill rakers (Hassan-Williams and Bonner, 2012). April J; Hunner RH; Dion-Cote AM; Bernatchez L, 2013. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Functional morphology of the dorsal pad in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas Rafinesque), 103(1):65-72. Lost River (Deltistes luxatus) and shortnose (Chamistes brevirostris) sucker recoery plan. Fathead Minnows prefer a temperature of 50° to 70° F and a pH range of 7.0 to … A male may accumulate as many as 12,000 eggs. FishBase. Populations of native fish often flux as winterkill reduces or eliminates densities each year, but repeated introductions of fathead minnows can cause algal blooms, high turbidity and a loss of wetland plants, invertebrates and other vertebrate species. 26 (8): 6-16. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Furthermore, improving the labelling and identification of fish species in stores and facilitating correct disposal of unwanted fish could help minimize new introductions (Chang et al., 2009). Adult P. promelas bodies are laterally compressed and range in size from 40 to 100mm with males The exact native range of P. promelasis difficult to determine due to its widespread introductions from bait bucket releases. In Belgium it is not only considered a pest as it predates on the eggs and larvae of native fishes but it is also thought to be responsible for the introduction of Yersinia ruckeri, the agent of enteric redmouth disease (Anseeuw et al., 2012). Fort Collins, CO. Starnes, W.C., J. Odenkirk, and M.J. Ashton. 2010). (1986) listed it as introduced to several river drainages in the western Mississippi River basin including Ouachita, the lower Arkansas, the White, and the St. Francis-Little. 2009. Albuquerque, New Mexico: University New Mexico Press, 393 pp. Pimephales promelas: fathead minnow. Fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) have been cultured for use in aquatic toxicity tests for over 30 years, and are the most common fish species used to determine sublethal toxicity of chemicals and complex effluents. Red roseys, the aquarium variant of this species, have also been collected from an unnamed tributary to Big Branch Bayou in Lacombe, Louisiana, near a tropical fish farm in 2004 (K. Piller, pers. Seasonal changes in the histology of the gonads and dorsal skin of the fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas, 56(10):2103-2109. In Canadian boreal lakes, populations of P. promelas show high phenotypic diversity. Sommer A, 2012. Nelson JS, Paetz MJ, 1992. Freshwater Fishes of South Carolina. Habitat: Often found in large schools in a variety of habitats in lakes and streams. Karp, C.A. The viral susceptibility range of a poikilothermic cell line derived from the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) (FHM) to infection by a number of homoiothermic viruses representing most of the presently recognized viral groups and a member of the psittacosis-lymphogranuloma-trachoma group … harveyensis. The species is an important bioassay animal due to the ease in which it can be cultured and maintained (Danylchuk et al., 2012). It was first recorded in California in 1950 and was probably released into the Colorado River from a bait tank. Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. The natural geographic range extends throughout much of North America, from central Canada south along the Rockies to Texas, and east to Virginia and the Northeastern United States. The maximum age that has been recorded is 5 years (Froese and Pauly, 2012; Hassan-Williams and Bonner, 2012). The authors exposed fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas ) to low (22 ± 0.93 µg/L), medium‐low (70 ± 2.1 µg/L), medium‐high (237 ± 5.5 µg/L), and high (745 ± 16.2 µg/L) concentrations of β‐sitosterol as well as negative (water), positive (ethynyl estradiol, 16 ± 0.58 ng/L), and carrier (0.6 mL/L acetone) controls. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Wisconsin, USA: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, US Geological Survey. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. Holm, and C.H. Pierce. John Hopkins. Accidental escapes from stocked ponds may also be responsible for some introductions. Werner RG, 2004. First recorded in Arizona in 1952, Minckley (1973) noted that the morphology of introduced populations in that state indicates a southwestern origin, most likely New Mexico or Texas. Mol. Its ability to establish itself outside of its native range is facilitated by its tolerance of high temperatures, turbidity, high salinity and low oxygenated waters (NatureServe, 2012). Golden Shiners range in size from one to six inches and can be graded to customers’ request. Its body surface in front of the dorsal fin is broad and flat and contains scales that are smaller than those on the other parts of the fish. The following describes the morphological changes for both sexes: ‘Breeding males develop a large, mucus-secreting, fleshy pad on the nape (Smith and Murphy 1974; Smith 1978) and 16 large tubercles in three rows on the snout. The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. Smith RJF; Murphy BD, 1974. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pimephales_promelas/. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution/NMNH. The Virgin River fishes: Woundfin (Plagopterus argentissimus) and Virgin River chub (Gila seminuda) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Online at www.fishbase.org. Fathead minnows in Europe: preliminary results. Influences of fathead minnows on nutrient partitioning, water clarity, and ecosystem structure in prairie wetlands., USA: USGS Water Resources. This colour fish is frequently used in the aquarium trade. Mature Male Fathead Minnow Mature Female Fathead Minnow. The pre-dorsal scales on other minnows tend to be similar in size, number and compactness to those on the sides of the fish (Danylchuk et al., 2012). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(21):8897-8901. http://www.pnas.org/, NatureServe, 2012. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. P. promelas provides an important dietary component for many piscivorous fishes and birds. Fathead Minnow (Pimephales promelas) - Introduced. Negative interactions between fathead minnows and endangered native fishes, such as woundfin (Plagopterus argentissimus) and Virgin River chub (Gila seminuda) within the Colorado River Baisin have also been documented (US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008). Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 25(3):301-309. http://www.bioone.org/perlserv/?request=get-current-issue, ITIS, 2013. http://www.natureserve.org/. However, modelling predicts that the P. promelas could benefit from climatic warming by 2050 and so the risk of introduction could increase, and subsequently its invasiveness (Godard et al. The adult fathead minnow will range from 2 1/2" to 3" in length. The fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) is a species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the genus Pimephales of the cyprinid family. Collapse of a fish population after exposure to a synthetic estrogen. It is uncertain as to whether wild populations are present in Germany as well (Danylchuk et al., 2012). Range. Spawning sites are carefully selected for by the male and tend to be in shallow water, less than a meter deep, with a log, branch, rock or other object being used for the eggs to be deposited underneath. Alkalinity is mostly a measure of carbonate and bicarbonate ions. P. promelas is similar to other minnows but can generally be differentiated by the high number of small pre-dorsal scales, which are noticeably smaller than those scales on the sides. Nelson JS; Paetz MJ, 1992. This species has been implicated as an adverse threat to young of the Colorado Pikeminnow (. The popularity of this species as a baitfish and forage fish has led to widespread introductions. 10294). Behavioral interactions between young Colorado squawfish and six fish species. (1977) remarked that the establishment of this species in Florida is uncertain (Swift et al. Blunt snout. It has been widely introduced outside of its native range to many areas west of the Continental Divide and east of the Appalachians. Compendium record. University of Michigan, Michigan, USA: Animal Diversity Web. 2008, Ptychocheilus lucius (Colorado pikeminnow), Rana chiricahuensis (Chiricahua leopard frog), http://water.usgs.gov/wrri/96grants/ncr12nd.htm, http://icais.org/pdf/2010abstracts/Gordon%20Copp.pdf, http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/usgsnpwrc/270, http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pimephales_promelas/, http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/projects/wetland/studies/pwet/discuss.htm, http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/index.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Froese R; Pauly D, 2004. It is commonly sold as an aquarium pet and the rosy red morph has been bred for this purpose as well as its use as bait (Robison and Buchanan, 1984). The species has been imported both locally and state wide; for example, the Minnesota bait industry sold P. promelas locally and as far as Florida and New Mexico (USGS, 2012). P. promelas is olive-yellow in colour with a yellow-silvery underside. Description. Kennedy, R.O. And the bass end up eating each other—instead of those bugger bluegills! Introduced populations of P. promelas can grow rapidly because of their high reproductive output and their ability to utilize a wide range of food resources. Moyle (1976a); Becker (1983); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Pflieger (1997). Fathead Minnow … It may compete with other fish for food resources and habitat, especially during the spawning season when males are territorial at nest sites. http://icais.org/pdf/2010abstracts/Gordon%20Copp.pdf, NatureServe, 2012. It has a blunt, rounded snout and short, rounded fins. Parizek, Jr., P.A. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 124(4):280-309. In the wild, the Fathead Minnow is a dull olive-grey with a stripe along its back and side. Ross ST, 2001. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pimephales_promelas/, USGS, 2012. Adults range from 40 - 100 mm TL and display strong sexual dimorphism. The fathead minnow is cylindrical in shape and has a terminal mouth and small, crowded scales. Trautman (1981) remarked that the species was introduced to parts of Ohio … The fathead minnow Pimephales promelas Rafinesque is a member of the fish family Cyprinidae, the largest family of fish with more than 2,000 species worldwide and nearly 300 extant in North America (Jenkins & Burkhead, 1994). 2001. The maximum length recorded for the fish is 10 cm but length can range from 2.5 cm to 7.5 cm long. (see section on water quality) This value declines as the carbonate is used by the bacteria in the biofi lter and pH drops. 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