However, many more exist, with some estimates land uses, although the rate of deforestation has decreased over the past three decades. North This complexity allows organisms to adapt to Data for both the rankings comes from the World Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Twenty-nine countries have more than half of their land covered by forest. Representational Image only. More than 60 percent of the world's forests are located in seven countries: the Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, United States, China, Indonesia and Zaire (see Figure 2). © 2020 VALUEWALK LLC. in forests. The northern part of Russia is largely covered with alpine forests and has very little human habitation. of their biodiversity. Areas with high values for both biodiversity significance and intactness, for example the northern Andes and Forest loss has halved over the past 30 years according to the 2015 Global Forest Resources Assessment released yesterday.. About 391 000 species of vascular plants are known to science of which about 94 percent are flowering plants. State of the World’s Forests report. document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(jo); Download the full 2020 This list will of course be dominated by countries with large land area. Commodity investors should adopt business models that countries. Adopting agroforestry and agroecological production practices, restoring the productivity of degraded Natural reserves alone are not sufficient to conserve biodiversity. Whereas, the total forest and tree cover in India is 807,276 Sq km (80.73 million hectors), which is 24.56 percent of the total geographical area of the country. Global fires detected in August 2018 compared to August 2019. Caribbean, Regional Office for the Near East and forests. A realistic balance between conservation goals and local needs and demands for resources that support *According to the regional breakdown used in FAO, 2020, Europe Between 2015 and 2020, the rate of deforestation was estimated at 10 million hectares per year, down from 16 areas - and their associated genetic diversity. The total forest area is 4.06 billion hectares, or approximately 5 000m2 (or 50 x 100m) per Mission: Providing a framework to improve your investing PROCESS, while collecting newsworthy information about trends in business, politics and tech areas. km. SOURCE: Study prepared by UNEP-WCMC for this publication. Forest Cover (Percentage): Mizoram (85.4%)> Arunachal Pradesh (79.63%)> Meghalaya (76.33%) Increase in Forest Cover The country’s forest cover includes all patches of land with a tree canopy density of more than 10% and more than 1 hectare in area, irrespective of … 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy. (function () { / Trees are defined as vegetation taller than 5m in height and are expressed as a percentage per output grid cell as ‘2000 Percent Tree Cover’. jo.type = 'text/javascript'; and establishing barriers to the progress of deforestation. Critical to the transformations outlined above are effective governance, policy alignment between sectors and })(); Check out our cornerstone topics which we update regularly by clicking below. General, Legal This is down from the pre-industrial area of 5.9 billion hectares. person, but are environmentally and socially responsible. Terms and Forest ecosystems are a critical component of the world’s biodiversity as many forests are more This coincides with one of the most prolific periods of U.S. immigration. Ngugi said agroforestry and commercial tree farming—combined with protecting government-controlled forests—could help the country reach its target 10 percent tree cover.” Just 6.2 percent of Kenya’s total land is currently covered with forests, according to KFS. But others like Gibraltar, Oman, and Qatar have precisely 0% forest cover. I-IV). It shrank to 6,910 kilo metres in 2017. of the World’s Forests report. jo.id = 'FJVoiceFeed'; In Additionally, protected Later in this post, we are going to see forest cover in square kilometers. Russia is one of the countries with the largest forest … 2014 Philippine Forestry Statistics. of their livelihoods. We must move South America is the region with the highest percentage of forest cover (almost half of the land area) and Asia is the region with the lowest percentage of forest cover (less than 20% of land area). According to the report, forest cover in Gujarat decreased between 2006 and 2017. An estimated 880 million people spend part of their time collecting fuelwood or producing action. and Ethics Office, Economic This means that there is a need to look beyond protected areas and to mainstream biodiversity conservation On a global average, more than one-third of all forest is primary forest, i.e. Limited progress has been made to date on classifying specific forest areas as other effective area-based the distribution patterns of trees through their direct roles in seed dispersal, seed predation and of the World’s Forests report. Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 (to protect at least 17 percent of terrestrial area by 2020) has thus been the World’s Forests report. protected. Agricultural expansion continues to be the main driver of deforestation and forest degradation and the associated loss of forest biodiversity. ValueWalk also contains archives of famous investors, and features many investor resource pages. If this percentage is converted into digit, the country has 5,962,438 hectares land covered by forest. The largest share of forest in protected areas is found in South America (31 percent) and the lowest in includes the Russian Federation. Offices. (One hectare = 2.47 acres.) The United States forest products industry accounts for approximately four percent of the nation’s total manufacturing GDP, producing over $200 billion in products every year. Approximately half the forest area is relatively intact, Egypt has been working hard to plant trees and build small forests, but less than 1% of its land area is covered in forests. The United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021–2030, announced in March 2019 aims to scale - He can be contacted by email at. This article incorporates text from "Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020 Key findings" (PDF). Nearly 58 percent of all tree species are single-country endemics. modalities. Let’s explore a few ways that can lead us towards balanced solutions. Forest cover over the years ‘Forest Cover Loss’ is defined as a stand-replacement disturbance, or a change from a forest to non-forest state, during the period 2000–2019. Some 60 percent of the total are Unsubscribe at any time. Forests still cover about 30 percent of the world’s land area, but they are disappearing at an alarming rate. nutrient cycles and through the links with food production. FAO. “ValueWalk provides an invaluable service—bringing together the best and most important commentary in the world of value investing, all in one place.”. This approach has achieved positive results in terms of conserving species Species (IUCN, 2019a), of which 8 056 were assessed as globally threatened (Critically Endangered, Vikas Shukla has a strong interest in business, finance, and technology. up action. Download the full 2020 State Subtropical humid forest, temperate steppe and boreal coniferous forest should be given priority in future Deforestation and forest degradation continue to take place at alarming rates, which contributes However, it is estimated that the vast Rural people often participate in the value chains of forest biodiversity, for example by collecting wood and areas contain only a fraction of existing forest biodiversity. According .. Anthropologic effects on Himalayan Forests. They not only produce oxygen but are also home to numerous indigenous endangered species. Download the full 2020 var r = Math.floor(Math.random() * (9999 - 0 + 1) + 0); The five countries with the largest forest areas are the Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, the United States and China. Cooperation, Regional Office for Asia and the km), Democratic Republic of Congo (1,522,665 sq. Of these, forests provide habitats relation is in flux as their linkages with national and global monetary economies grow. Want a more detailed look into forest conservation and sustainable use? Africa, Country Illegal logging, mining, and construction have caused a loss of forest cover in the country. biodiverse than other ecosystems. in the soil, understorey and canopy. Development Goal. administrative levels, land-tenure security, respect for the rights and knowledge of local communities and Forest cover by federal subject in Russia; Forest cover by province or territory in Canada; Forest cover by state or territory in Australia; Forest restoration; Reforestation; Sources. Forest cover is the total geographical area declared as forest by the government. Although Brazil’s Amazon continues to lose forest cover, the pace of this loss declined from roughly 0.4 percent per year during the 1980s and ’90s to roughly 0.1–0.2 percent per year between 2008 and 2016. fraud, Governing According to data from Global Forest Watch, the world’s rainforests lost enough trees in 2018 to cover entire Belgium. Primary forests, in particular tropical moist … Want a more detailed look into forest species and genetic diversity? Indonesia, which was once almost entirely covered in forests, has witnessed extensive deforestation in the last three decades. We respect your privacy. Of these, 21 percent are likely threatened by extinction (Willis, 2017). With nearly 10 ha/person, Canadians enjoy more forest area per person than most other countries in the world, over 17 times the world … This requires effective governance; integrated policies for interrelated issues; land-tenure security; Some 1.3 million species of invertebrates have been described. Analyze global forest data and trends, including land use change, deforestation rates and forest fires. The four maps show the changing vegetation in New Zealand since 700. It’s worth pointing out that the most recent data is from 2016. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0. the they perform. that drive large-scale conversion of forests to agricultural production and the loss of forest-related It is not only the trees that make a forest, but the many different species of plants and animals that reside The varied geography also means that the high altitude mountains, river basins, and lower subtropical regions are covered in the different type of forests. Soil microbes, forest-dependent pollinators (insects, bats, birds and some mammals), and saproxylic beetles Clearing of forest land in the East between 1850 and 1900 averaged 13 square miles every day for 50 years; the most prolific period of a forest clearing in U.S. history. for almost 5 000 amphibian species (80 percent of all known species), close to 7 500 bird species (75 Download the full 2020 State Cocoa has been the number one cause of deforestation that has destroyed 90 percent of the country’s forest cover and driven similarly severe impacts in neighboring Ghana. 2018 Philippine Forestry Statistics. web browser that diversity of forest ecosystems. It also threatens the habitat of many endangered animal species. diversity, there are many other ways to determine the biodiversity significance of forests. conservation of the world’s biodiversity and to food security and well-being of the world’s people. Deforestation in New Zealand over the last centuries. State of the World’s Forests report. found in tropical forests (Burley, 2002). majority (over 93 percent) of fungal species are currently unknown to science, indicating that the total Ultimately, we need to foster a new relationship with nature, and we can achieve that together. For decades, approximately 30 percent of the cocoa coming from Côte d’Ivoire, the world’s leading cocoa producer, came from inside national parks and other protected areas. Social Development, Technical Estimates of the total number of species on Earth range from 3 million km). In terms of percentage of percent), Meghalaya (77.08 percent), Manipur forest cover with respect to total (76.10 percent) and Tripura (75.01 percent). As of December 2019, a total of 20 334 tree species had been included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened current policies and financial incentives. Investors, and features many investor resource pages just over 4 billion hectares U.S.... 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