Tag Archives: Gallic Empire. It will be seen from the above table that the usurpation of Postumus, first of the Gallic emperors, may be presumed to have taken place during the course of the year 259. The first of a succession of competent soldier emperors, Claudius chose, as his first act, to press home the siege of Mediolanum. The “Barracks Emperors” is a term coined by later historians referring to the Roman emperors who were chosen and supported by the army during the period known as the Crisis of the Third Century (also known as the Imperial Crisis, 235-284 CE). 276; 8 maps and figures. GALLIC EMPIRE POSTUMUS The Gallic Empire (Latin: Imperium Galliarum) [note 1] or the Gallic Roman Empire are names used in modern historiography for a breakaway part of the Roman Empire that functioned de facto as a separate state from 260 to 274. by wikipedia user: PHGCOM (Public Domain) Postumus 259 CE - 268 CE. Coinage of the Gallic Emperors. And Postumus had no intention of taking Rome. DIR Atlas. NOTE: If you want to read a detailed breakdown, you can do so here: The Roman Empire Pre-Roman Empire 1200 BCE - beginning of the first iron The First Macedonian War in 214 BC against Philip V of Macedon ended in stalemate in 205 BC. He served as tribunus praetorianorum in 266 and 267 AD and then share the consulship with Postumus in 267 and 268 AD. (Historia Einzelschriften, 52.) Some of the later officials of the Western Roman Empire were of Germanic origin, a reason of the decline of Rome. Here is a list of the main emperors rated in categories from best to worst in terms of policy, diplomatic, administrative and military skills, ability to keep peace, achievements and long-term impact. Lesser Known and Would be Roman and Byzantine Emperors (27BC-695AD) October 12, 2020 The Byzantium Blogger Leave a comment. This list does not include numerous co-emperors who never attained sole or senior status as rulers. The Gallic War was fought between the Gallic tribes and the Romans from 58 BC to 50 BC. Naturally, he saw the reaper earlier. Most of the first 12 emperors of the Roman Empire fall into two dynasties: the five Julio-Claudians (27 BCE–68 CE, including Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero) and the three Flavians (69–79 CE, Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian). 43 AD. Coin Depicting Roman Emperor Postumus. Postumus is the first emperor of the so-called "Gallic empire", which lasted from his rebellion against Gallienus in 260 AD to the surrender of Tetricus I to the central emperor Aurelian in 274 AD. The context was that Rome as an Empire was in trouble. They murdered him because of that, and upon his death the outer provinces rejoined Rome. Personally, I would regard the Theory of Marcus Weder as the most convincing: Under Postumus only one Mint worked, opened 260 AD at Cologne. Byzantine articles, Roman/ Byzantine/ Medieval eras. by wikipedia user: Cropbot (Public Domain) Victorinus 268 - 270 CE. The Gallic Emperors. Reign [edit | edit source]. Claudius begins the first large-scale Roman invasion of Britain, at first under the command of general A. Plautius. This was the first time a Roman emperor was held prisoner by a foreign power. And yet, talking to enthusiasts, romanists and others, the Gallic Emperors of Postumus, Victorinus and Tetricus I and Tetricus II are virtually unknown. Victorinus. Member of the The Gallic Emperors dynasty. Without considering the first emperors, picked in the same Julio-Claudian family, a look at the Year of the Four Emperors might help. Pp. Tetricus was born to a noble family and held the administrative rank of praeses provinciae (provincial governor) of Aquitania at the time of Victorinus ' death. The Gallic Empire is the modern name for a breakaway realm of the Roman Empire that existed from 260 - 274. DIR Atlas. Judaea is annexed as a Roman province after the death of Herod Agrippa. There were 71 emperors and co-regents from Augustus to Theodosius, who definitively split the empire in eastern and western halves in 395. From 260AD through to 274AD Britannia was not part of the Empire run from Rome, but had a series of Emperors and until the very end Britain was a fully fledged part of this rebellion or breakaway. Marius is the second emperor of the so-called "Gallic Empire". Coins for this issuer were issued from 271 until 274. Postumus (A.D. 260-269) Michel Polfer Centre Universitaire de Luxembourg. by … When Tetricus the Younger became emperor (after which he was known as Tetricus II) he professed to be a Postumian. It is a very cool book, composed like a wall calendar, that lists all the Emperors with a bit of info for each one. This able military leader had been seen by many as the natural successor to Postumus. After the First Gallic Civil War, Arpagius became the First Citizen of the Gallic Empire, Tetricus the Younger was designated Arpagius' successor, and Postumianism became the dominant ideology in Gallic politics. The Gallic Emperors Postumus, 260 - 268/9 AD Marcus Cassianus Latinius Postumus was the first Gallic Emperor, and the architect of the Gaulish independence. This list begins with Constantine I the Great, the first Christian emperor reigning from Constantinople. The rise of the Sassanian Empire was relatively new (c.240AD) but crucially it was real military threat and achieved early success under Kings Ardashir and Shapur I. Coin Hoards and the Chronology of the Gallic Emperors - Volume 5 - J. F. Drinkwater. He showed considerable ability, as he held the title of tribunus praetorianorum (tribune of the praetorians) in 266/267, and rose swiftly to become co-consul with Postumus in 268. It started in 200 BC and ended in 196 BC with the death of Philip of Macedon. This devastated Roman confidence in emperors … In 260, Valerian engaged a Persian army at the Battle of Edessa, in what is today southeastern Turkey. Such was the importance of the title that when the Gallic Empire was created following the revolt of Postumus during 260 AD a separate line of Consulships was conferred and it is these that I want to set down here. The use of earlier coins as an iconographic repertoire strongly suggests that earlier coins were brought to the mint to be melted down. Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Roman Gaul Gaul - corresponding with modern-day France, Belgium, Switzerland, and western Germany - was under a degree of both Roman and Carthaginian influence as early as the 3rd Century BC, but did not fall under Roman control until the conquests of Julius Caesar in … Hailing from Gaul, Victorinus was born to a family of great wealth, and was a soldier under Postumus, the first of the so-called Gallic emperors. He is believed to have been a Batavian in ethnic origin - likely descended from a Roman auxiliary from Batavia. Macrinus was the first Roman emperor to hold the office without having been a senator first. Gallic Empire In the wake of the overthrow of Postumus, the first Emperor of the Gallic Empire, Claudius II Gothicus invaded Hispania and scored major victories, returning Iberia under the control of the Roman Empire, and seriously weakening the Gallic … S reign, but the evidence is inconclusive Caesar in 273 from his father probably! 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