What is a forest? Forests cover almost half of Europe’s land area, and that proportion is set to grow over the next three decades. As this plan draws to a close at the end of 2020, the Council has called on the Commission to present a new forest strategy for the coming years. In September 2015, it adopted the accompanying multi-annual implementation plan of the EU forest strategy (SWD(2013) 0343). Based on IRS-P6 LISS-III, SPOT4 (HRVIR) and SPOT5 HRG satellite data of 2006 (Figure 1, Kempeneers et al. But climate change is killing trees. About Forest Europe. … Private bank Coutts has planted the first 10,000 trees of a wide NatWest project to create the largest "tiny forest" in Europe. Moreover, Parliament adopts the EU budget jointly with the Council. Their distribution is mainly determined by climate, soil type, altitude and topography. The NatWest Group collaborated with The Conservation Volunteers to carry out the project. A. Ministerial Commitments. The percentage of deciduous trees has risen. The Solidarity Fund (Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002) seeks to help Member States tackle major natural disasters, such as storms and forest fires. Some EUR 8.2 billion has been earmarked for the 2015-2020 period (27% for reforestation, 18% to make forests more resilient and 18% for damage prevention). Forestry policy therefore remains primarily a national competence, but many European actions have an impact on forests in the EU and in third countries. Parliament also stressed that the implementation of the EU Forest Strategy should be a multiannual coordinated process. From a socioeconomic point of view, working forests generate resources, in particular timber. The measure covers investment in the development of forested areas and improvement of the viability of forests: afforestation and creation of woodland, establishment of agro-forestry systems, prevention and restoration of damage to forests from forest fires, natural disasters and catastrophic events, investment to improve the resilience and environmental value of forest ecosystems and investment in forestry technologies and in the processing, promotion and marketing of forest products. 82 European Atlas of Forest Tree Species Tree species < 25% 25% - 50% 50% - 75% > 75% Native Chorology Frequency Field data in Europe (including absences) Observed presences in Europe Annual average temperature (°C) Potential spring-summer solar irradiation (kWh m-2) Annual precipitation (mm) Average temperature of the coldest month (°C) Sum of precipitation of the driest month (mm) B. Publications. Some 90% of EU funding for forests comes from the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD). through the use of wood instead of non-renewable energy and materials) represent two major challenges. The rational use of forests is one of the thematic priorities of the European Union’s new Environment and Climate Action Programme (LIFE 2014-2020, Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013). What is more, the European ecolabel has been awarded for wood flooring, furniture and paper. From 2000 through 2015, forest harvesting in Europe … This article is a list … In spite of high use, our forest stocks rose to 3.7 billion cubic metres. Identifying trees isn’t always easy. In that context, Parliament has decided to prepare two own-initiative reports: one entitled ‘Stepping up EU Action to Protect and Restore the World's Forests’ and another entitled ‘The European Forest Strategy - The Way Forward’. In addition, the FLEGT Action Plan provides for voluntary partnership agreements with timber-producing countries and a regulation to ban the marketing of illegally harvested timber, which came into force in March 2013 (Regulation (EU) No 995/2010). Approximately half of the renewable energy consumed in the EU comes from wood. It includes an annex with the concrete list of actions for the period 2014-2020, the actors, and the timing of the different activities, as well as the expected outcomes. The so-called ‘Forest MAP’ provides a framework within which all new policies in any of the various areas relating to forests can be considered. This recast was backed by the Council with its conclusions of 19 May 2014 and also by Parliament with its resolution of 28 April 2015 entitled ‘A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector’[4]. The leaves are needle-like in shape. Shrubs and evergreen broadleaves in the southern Mediterranean areas, broadleaf and mixed forests in temperate regions, conifers in north and in the Alps. What is more, felling in these forests accounts for only around two-thirds of the rise in the annual volume of timber used. The time when the forest surface became altered by human activities conceals a lot of uncertainties. The forests have become more diverse and natural in structure. Read and decide Join EUobserver today Become an expert on Europe Get instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives. We have committed to our operations being climate positive by 2025 and with our partners at The Conservation Volunteers charity, we want to plant 100,000 more trees in the next 12 months which will benefit the environment and give communities natural environments they can enjoy.”. The common agricultural policy (CAP), the main source of EU funds for forests. the Nikon 550 Forestry) or tape drop are listed. This strategy has two main goals: 1) to ensure that Europe’s forests are managed sustainably and (2) to strengthen the EU’s contribution to promoting sustainable forest management and tackling deforestation worldwide. These periods have affected the landscapes of Central Europe right up to the present and created our familiar cultural landscapes. The tallest trees in Europe. 17/08/2020 admin. Forests are thus a source of employment, particularly in rural areas. In October, Coutts announced a relationship with asset manager BlackRock to reduce the cost of investing for its clients. The forests of Sweden include Kolmården, Kolmården, Tiveden, Tylöskog, and Norrland. The EU also participates in numerous international activities relating to forests (in particular the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). 8% consists of plantations, while the remainder falls into the category of ‘semi-natural’ forests, i.e. Ministerial Conferences. This would seem to be a simple question, but there is no one answer valid for all the Member States. The needles turn yellow and fall in the late autumn, leaving the trees leafless through the winter. Contact. New publication: Adaptation to Climate Change in Sustainable Forest Management in Europe. European Forest Types: tree species matrix. Following up on the Commission’s green paper of 1 March 2010 entitled ‘On Forest Protection and Information in the EU: Preparing forests for climate change’ (COM(2010) 0066), in its resolution of 11 May 2011[3], Parliament welcomed a revision of the Forestry Strategy in order to better address the specific challenges linked to climate change and the sustainable management and protection of forests. Abiotic and biotic threats — challenges exacerbated by climate change. The forestry sector (forestry, wood and paper industry) accounts for approximately 1% of EU GDP, although the figure is as high as 5% in Finland, and provides jobs for some 2.6 million people. The EU considers land use and forestry two of the most important sectors for the bloc's climate policy - as they include the use of soils, trees, plants, biomass, and timber. 1 of 2. Forest Europe is still the main political initiative on forests at pan-European level. The Commission also committed itself to regularly informing Parliament and the Council on the progress being made under the EU Forest Strategy. We also have more of it than any other country in the European Union. Larches are among the dominant trees in the immense boreal forests of Russia and Canada. Here in Europe, these forests are an extremely rare reminder of the past, living ancestors of the once great forests that covered much of Europe. Across the EU, between 1990 and 2015, the total forested and wooded area grew by 90,000 square kilometres—an area roughly the size of Portugal. In the same resolution, Parliament backed the implementation of an ‘EU action plan for sustainable forest management’ proposed by the Commission, suggesting a series of coherent and concrete objectives and measures in the various policy fields linked to forests. €19. Forest bio-based economy in Europe. All the branches are live, indicating that the tree is in good condition. Europe can’t stop climate change without forests. It consists of three active funds (US equities, UK equities, and Global Investment Grade Credit) and three index funds (US equities, UK equities, and Europe ex-UK equities). 2. Parliament has influenced many items of legislation having an impact on forests, for example on the common agricultural policy and energy policy (revision of Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources — 2016/0382 (COD)). The JRC has published the European Atlas of Forest Tree Species in collaboration with leading scientists and forestry professionals. 14-day free trial. How forests can adapt to these changes and the part they can play in combating them (e.g. It lists a number of actions to ensure a coherent, coordinated approach to the various policies and initiatives relating to the forest sector, with the particular involvement of stakeholders. Barrel Oak. In the distant past, these forests ran wild - but in the modern world, some 85% of Europe's trees are managed by humans. EU forests are exceptionally diverse, with a large variety of forest types, characteristics and ownership structures. There are hundreds of species and sub-species of trees. As part of its policy on climate change, in addition to its participation in global negotiations on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the EU has taken its first steps towards integrating agriculture and forestry into its climate policy (see Regulation (EU) 2018/841 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework). The EU has many different types of forests, reflecting its geoclimatic diversity (boreal forests, alpine forests with conifers, etc.). As for biotic factors, animals (insects, cervids) and diseases can damage forests. 24/08/2020 admin. This so-called ‘Forest MAP’ draws up a list of the actions that are to be taken in response to challenges in the European timber sector (for further details on the history of this process, see also the section on the ‘Role of the European Parliament’ below). The 1997 Report on Forest Condition in Europe documents for the first time the forest condition at the European scale, as derived from the 1996 crown condition survey and recent surveys on the condition of forest soils and the nutritional status of forest trees carried out on the transnational 16x16 km network (level I). Carr.) Climate change is already a serious problem for Europe’s forests. Private Banker International is a product of Verdict. In this resolution, Parliament calls on the Commission to supplement the strategy with a robust action plan containing specific measures and to report back to it annually on the progress made in the implementation of specific actions under the strategy. Coutts announced a relationship with asset manager BlackRock to reduce the cost of investing for its clients. Monthly. Short-term commitment. September 17, 2020 GMT . On 30 January 1997, with the adoption of its resolution on the European Union’s forestry strategy[1] (its first ever own-initiative report), Parliament called on the Commission to present proposals for a European forestry strategy. The abiotic (i.e. This is just another part of NatWest’s commitments to tackle climate change, including being the banking sponsor of the COP26 climate summit, set to take place in Glasgow in November 2021. B. A. The European forest types — Categories and types for sustainable forest management reporting and ... forest damage, tree species composition, naturalness, deadwood). Height In this table of height records in Europe only height measurements made by laser (like eg. Europe; Forests; Trees; Austria; Europe; Donald Trump; Austrian minister to Trump: No, we do not live in forests. Only 4% of the forested area has not been modified by human intervention. Furthermore, the NatWest Group and Coutts are aiming to plant 100,000 more trees across a number of UK sites in 2021. The primary use is for energy generation (42% of volume), as against 24% for sawmills, 17% for the paper industry and 12% for the panel industry. The European Reference Framework for Forestry. This new strategy is raised in the December 2019 Commission communication on the European Green Deal (COM(2019) 0640), in which forests are viewed as one of the most important areas when it comes to tackling climate change. Timber can be obtained from 134 million of the 161 million hectares of forests (there are no legal, economic or environmental restrictions on this activity). The European Parliament legislates on an equal footing with the Council in a great many fields that affect forests: agriculture, the environment, etc. European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. europa.eu . 04/12/2020 admin. EU27, AL, BA, CH, HR, ME, MK, NO, RS, TR: Forest/non-forest map 2006 (beta version) prepared by the EC Joint Research Centre, aggregated to 1km resolution. The collaboration launches six new exclusive funds for clients of Coutts and the NatWest Group. The European plant health regime aims to prevent harmful organisms spreading to forests (Directive 2000/29/EC). Moreover, unlike in many parts of the world where deforestation is still a major problem, in the EU the area of land covered by forests is growing; by 2010, forest coverage had increased by approximately 11 million hectares since 1990, as a result of both natural growth and afforestation work. How to measure the height of a tree? Many EU measures do have an impact on forests in EU and non-EU countries alike, however. 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