Giraffe tongues are dark blueish in colour, which is thought to be a form … Interesting: The neck of a giraffe is up to 8.2 ft (2.5 m) long and weigh 550 lb (250 kg)! Although other researchers tried to assign different scientific names, finally this one became the official. There are actually four species of Giraffes. 5 Fascinating Facts About the Giraffe. What do giraffes look like? The 11 facts you want are below, and the sources for the facts are at the very bottom of the page. Facts about the Giraffe and the Zebra in Southern Africa. More extensive knowledge is required, and exciting advances are being made. Lesson, R. (1842). Their survival could be because their height diminishes competition with domestic mammals. © 2020 Giraffe Conservation Foundation. Share Tweet. Southern giraffe carcass, Namibia . The Southern giraffe, or South African giraffe, is one of the more common subspecies at an estimated population of 17,000. Conserving Namibia's Desert-Dwelling Angolan Giraffe, Southern Giraffe Conservation in Botswana, Southern Giraffe Conservation in Zimbabwe, Twiga Tracker – Using modern technology to save giraffe and their habitat, Environmental Education for Namibia’s future. more On the Serengeti Plain in Tanzania, the world's tallest quadruped can grow up to 19 feet (6 meters) tall. Giraffe. Note: Despite their subspecies they all have the same features. Preferred Names. Their patches are surrounded by a pale cream colour, and their lower legs are randomly speckled with uneven spots. Their long legs and necks help them to eat leaves at the top of tall trees that other animals cannot reach. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Scientific Names. Shortly after that, in 1785, the Dutch physician and naturalist Pieter Boddaert gave the name Giraffa giraffa to this species. The Southern or Two-horned giraffe (Giraffa capensis). The giraffe (Giraffa) is a genus of African even-toed ungulate mammals, the tallest living terrestrial animals, and the largest ruminants. 1. Our ongoing genetic research on giraffe populations a… Description: Giraffes are long-necked browsing animals that taxonomists place in a separate family, Giraffidae, from other artiodactylids: camels, deer and bovines. They have large, uneven and irregularly notched light brown patches. June 21, 2014 will be the first ever World Giraffe Day. 5 Fascinating Facts About the Giraffe. In other places where large mammals have disappeared, giraffes have survived. Giraffes are the tallest mammals on Earth. The northern giraffe's are longer and larger than that of the southern giraffes', though bull northern giraffes have a third cylindrical ossicone in the center of the head just … On the Serengeti Plain in Tanzania, the world's tallest quadruped can grow up to 19 feet (6 meters) tall. FUN FACTS. There are various facts about giraffes that one needs to know while studying giraffes. After you learn something, Do Something! Although other … In Niger, conservation of giraffes has been made a priority. Sites such as the Etosha National Park in Namibia are home to Angolan giraffes besides other endangered animals, which contributes to preservation issues, but not all parks and reserves have the same surveillance. Giraffes usually inhabit savannahs and open woodlands of the African region. The giraffe is the tallest animal in the world. They sometimes utter snorts and grunts, but are generally silent animals. 5 Fascinating Facts About the Giraffe; Blog. Their confrontations are neck to neck battles called “necking” where they decide who will earn the right to mate. Giraffe facts. BEHAVIOR Giraffes are typically diurnal creatures, but also move about at night. The legs spots fade being less intense at knee height, but below them, they are … Distribution and habitat. Giraffe Interesting Facts For Kids & Information : They are the tallest mammals on earth. The creatures can turn black or white and make inexplicable noises at night. The latest census of 2016 estimated a population of 17,551 individuals in the wild (Fennessy, J.). Giraffe Facts | Southern Africa Wildlife Guide Giraffes are divided into numerous subspecies, although the most well-known are the Maasai, reticulated and Rothschild’s giraffes. 2) Well known for their long necks, these gentle giants are the world’s tallest living land animals. Even so, giraffes continue to harbor surprising facts. The Giraffe is part of the Giraffidae family. The young are about 1.70 meters at birth and walk within a few hours of knowing their new habitat. The giraffe ranks among the most familiar of the zoo and park animals. The creatures can turn black or white and make inexplicable noises at night. Civil wars are a further challenge. Information. Zebras are one of the many beautiful creatures. South African giraffe . Amazing Facts About the Giraffe. Among the flowers and shrubs that exist in their natural habitat is common to find hibiscus, different types of lilies and Dombeya, but giraffes prefer acacia, a very broad genus of thorny trees and shrubs that grow abundantly in Africa and Australia. It's the best way to learn about our work and how you can get involved! In Niger, conservation of giraffes has been made a priority. Giraffe Population Statistics. A giraffe’s neck is short to reach the ground. Southern giraffes are vegetarians for mammals. The record running speed of a giraffe is 34.7 miles per hour (56 kilometers per hour). Giraffe populations remain common in east and southern Africa but have drastically fallen in west Africa. To this effect it has prehensile lips and a very long and tough tongue (over 50cm!) UK Mike is an award winning wildlife writer, editor of Travel Zambia magazine and author of the Bradt Guide to Southern African Wildlife. The Southern giraffe is divided into two subspecies, the Angolan and the South African. The estimated 5,000 individuals three decades ago have, today, more than tripled to an estimated 17,750 in the wild. As you know if you’ve ever seen a cow, ruminants are mammals equipped with specialized stomachs that “pre-digest” their food; they’re constantly chewing their “cud,” a mass of semi-digested food ejected from their stomach and in need of further breakdown. However, the IUCN currently recognizes only one species of giraffe with nine subspecies.. Southern giraffes have rounded or blotched spots, some with star-like extensions on a light tan background, running down to the hooves. Facts about Giraffes 1. Its habitat is made up of savannas, bushes, and forests with varieties of vegetation. Mothers are very protective of their offspring and maintain strong bonds generally until the next birth. Photo by Hans Hillewaert. Please check your email to confirm your subscription. They measure the sexual receptivity of females by smelling and testing their urine, which determines who would be a better sexual partner. Among these are the leopards, hyenas and wild dogs of South Africa. Giraffes are the tallest living animals in the world, according to the Smithsonian National Zoological Park. I hope that you learned a lot from these facts about giraffes. Great video footage that you won't find anywhere else. – South African giraffe (G. g. Giraffa). Share This Post: Mike Unwin. Even so, giraffes continue to harbor surprising facts. The giraffe is not a single species, but its species consists of four distinct species. In general, southern giraffes have dark patches, rounded and irregular in a reddish-brown color. Botswana is a semi-arid country with hot summers that has average temperatures of 26 degrees Celsius and during the dry season winds last from April to October in the south and only during November in the north. They include the Reticulated Giraffe, Northern Giraffe, Masai Giraffe, and Southern Giraffe. Facts about Southern Giraffes. Tallest giraffes have recorded heights up to 5.9 m. Southern Chad, the Central African Republic, northern Cameroon, and north-eastern DR Congo 9. This subspecies is the most common in zoos alongside the Rothschild’s giraffe. They are Northern Giraffe, Southern Giraffe, Masai Giraffe and Reticulated Giraffe. Giraffes have seven cervical vertebrae, just like humans. Nubian giraffe. The Angolan subspecies also known as Namibian giraffe inhabits in the north of Namibia, the southwest of Zambia, as well as in Botswana and western Zimbabwe. How many species of giraffe are there? Zimbabwe, another of the places with significant numbers of southern giraffes, presents many variations between its warm and arid climate. Kordofan giraffe. Giraffe Facts Some of your most frequently asked questions answered. At present, the South African giraffe population is estimated at 37,000 individuals, showing a marked increase of over 150% over the past three decades. Distribution and habitat. The South African giraffe ranges from west to east across southern eastern Angola, northern Botswana, southern Mozambique, northern South Africa, south-western Zambia, and parts of Zimbabwe. Uganda and Kanya 6. Their legs are immensely strong and giraffes use them to defend themselves against predators. Despite their name, Angolan giraffe were extirpated (locally extinct) in Angola until recent translocations from Namibia. Amazing Facts about Giraffes. You'll receive our news updates once every 2 months. Proudly wear your support for GCF! Male giraffes use their necks for fighting, swinging them from side to side to headbutt their opponent. Find out how to take action here. Education Images/Universal Images Group via Getty. The northern giraffe has two horn-like protuberances known as ossicones on their foreheads. More than a human, don’t you think? Below we present the top 10 facts about giraffes that will help you know better about them. They’re classified based on their color, patterns, and geographical regions they inhabit. Updated December 13, 2019. Male calves will leave their mothers and the herd from around 15 months and join bachelor herds of other young males. The existence of long-term studies, reliable historical and current data, and targeted conservation research is limited. One often observes giraffes stretching as high as they can go and extending their extremely long, leather-like tongues to pluck a couple of leaves off an umbrella thorn acacia. North-Eastern Kenya, Southern Ethiopia, and Somalia 8. Previously, scientists thought that giraffes all belonged to one species, with many subspecies, but this assumption has been overturned. Giraffes ( Giraffa camelopardalis) are quadrupeds, four-legged hooved mammals who roam the savannas and woodlands of Africa. Adult males weigh as … The South African giraffe has star-shaped patches in various shades of brown, surrounded by a light tan colour. They are: the reticulated giraffe, the northern giraffe, the southern giraffe and the Masai giraffe. It was described initially and named with the binomial Camelopardalis giraffa by the German naturalist and zoologist Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1784. In such a position, its neck is almost at the level of the ground, which facilitates its capture and drag, especially with the young and offspring. both adaptations for stripping tiny leaves from their unpleasant and thorny branches. Their long necks, richly patterned coats, and stubby ossicones on their heads make them the most easily recognizable of … These gentle giants are the world’s tallest living land animals. There have also been extralimital (outside their natural range) introductions of South African giraffe across Angola, Senegal, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. 11 Facts About Giraffes. Check out our ten facts about the beautiful giraffe…. Giraffes are the tallest of all land animals; males (bulls) may exceed 5.5 metres (18 feet) in height, and the tallest females (cows) are about 4.5 metres. The reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata), also known as the Somali giraffe, is a subspecies of giraffe native to the Horn of Africa. Due to their disappearance of several places by the illegal hunting, the conservation groups reintroduced some individuals in several locations at the south of the African continent like Swaziland, and there are efforts of reintroduction in Mozambique. These have recently been reclassified as being the same as the Nubian giraffe. The Southern Giraffe is an ungulate mammal of the order Artiodactyla and the family Giraffidae. Welcome to DoSomething.org, a global movement of millions of young people making positive change, online and off! Total: 98,445; Southern giraffe: 52,050 (after doubling of population) Masai giraffe: 32,500 (after a 50% decline) Reticulated giraffe: 8,700 (after an 80% decline) Northern giraffe: 5,195 (after a 90 % decline) How Many Giraffes Left In Wild- Wild Giraffe Population. Angolan giraffe (G. g. Angolensis). 2.) Despite its name, it is extinct of Angola. The Northern Giraffe is an artiodactyl mammal that belongs to the Giraffidae family, which currently has modifications in its taxonomy considering it as a species that has three subspecies: the Nubian Giraffe (G.c. Giraffe prefer open woodland and shrub savannah with enough trees that has palatable leaves, especially acacias which is a favourite food source. Females mature at four years on average, while males do so at the age of five, although they do not have the opportunity to mate until they are seven years old, which is when they have the strength and size to fight with other peers and have access to a female. Giraffe in South Africa occurs in the Kruger National Park National Park and throughout South Africa in provincial nature reserves and private game reserves. The current position of SOUTHERN GIRAFFE is at Indian Coast (coordinates 22.79337 N / 70.03597 E) reported 33 hours ago by AIS. The southern giraffe has two subspecies: Habits . They can be found in areas across the southern half of Africa including Zimbabwe and Botswana. 1. ... Southern giraffe (Giraffa giraffe), Masai giraffe (Giraffa tippelskirchi), and reticulated giraffe (Giraffa reticulata). Threat. The sole member of the genus Litocranius, the gerenuk was first described by the naturalist Victor Brooke in 1879. BASIC GIRAFFE FACTS. They even ogled a Chinese emperor during the 1400s. In other places where large mammals have disappeared, giraffes have survived. The Angolan giraffe’s range includes central Botswana, most parts of Namibia, and various populations in Zimbabwe. The giraffe is the world’s tallest animal. It has a white patch in the ear that can serve as a distinctive feature among both subspecies. Kordofan giraffe. The reticulated giraffe is indigenous to the Horn of Africa, found in Somalia, northern Kenya, and southern Ethiopia. Northern Giraffe: Giraffa camelopardalis Masai Giraffe: Giraffa tippelskirchi Reticulated Giraffe: Giraffa reticulata Southern Giraffe: Giraffa giraffa Giraffe are the world’s tallest mammals.Their unique anatomy and fascinating ecology make them striking figures on Africa’s open landscapes. In northwest Namibia, where it is particularly arid, they can be almost colourless. – Angolan giraffe (G. g. 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