These were followed by Soviet prisoners from Operation Barbarossa in the summer of 1941. In the latter circumstances, the more perceptive SBOs, realising the Germans would quickly take control, encouraged individual escapes; while some of the more enterprising prisoners escaped without official sanction. On 31 August 1942 Canadian officers captured during the Dieppe Raid arrived. Larive was caught at the Swiss border near Singen. SHAEF reports of February 1945 show 224 French and 172 Greek POWs held here, although we have seen letters from Polish Officers also kept here earlier in the war. On November 8th 1940 all French were then transported to Oflag IIa in Prenzlau, however later in 1942 the camp became almost all French with transfers from other officers camps. If so they were required to complete a form 'Q'. District XIV –Nearest city Karlsruhe, in the southwest of Germany. It served as the hospital for all Soviet POWs in the region until January 1945. The nearest large city is Kaliningrad (formerly Konigsberg). A civilian hospital attached to Camp 53 (Sforza Costa Liguria) camp. It was liberated by a Soviet armoured division on 28 April 1945. In good weather there was a fine view of the Alps to the south. Located at Prostken in Poland, close to Stalag Ib/PR. In June 1941 a new compound Oflag 62 was opened for high-ranking Soviet officers captured during Operation Barbarossa. District VI –Nearest city Wroclaw, Poland (German name: Breslau). From May and June 1940 Dutch and Belgian prisoners arrived from the Battle of France, followed by French. During 1941 and 1942 many Allied air crews that had been shot down were taken to Lübeck, then later transferred to Oflag VI-B, Warburg. Some POWs had a brutal and life-threatening time from day to day particularly as the war dragged on into 1944 and 1945, the magazines tended to concentrate on keeping families morale up rather than giving accurate news, whether this accuracy was possible or not is arguable, however. Fort 14 (XIV) named after Jozefa Dwernickiego. Relocated to Biberach, housed mainly French and Serbo-Croat officers. This road (the SS448/’Due Mari’) is now reached via the E45 Autostrada 1st exit after Perugia. Location N/E 48-14 also listed as location Pupping near Linz. The first escaper from the camp was Flight Lieutenant Howard Wardle in August 1940, but he was recaptured and sent to Oflag IV-C at Colditz Castle. The first was about 12 m (40 ft) long, built from March to August 1943. Logistical problems meant that this part of the camp was administered by the Luftwaffe, the rest of the camp being under the Wehrmacht. As the name suggests, ‘Cinecitta’ (literally: film –city) was the ‘Hollywood’ of pre war Italy and several films were made here. Search by surname in ADM 358 for enquiries into missing naval personnel. On 24 July, 68 Dutch officers arrived, mostly members of the Royal Dutch East Indies Army, who had refused to sign a declaration that they would take no part in the war against Germany. After the failed Warsaw Uprising and "Operation Tempest" more prisoners were brought there from Poland. There were several escape attempts during the summer of 1941. The experiences of these prisoners differed in certain important respects from those of captured German servicemen held by other nations. The record series WO 344 consists of approximately 140,000 Liberation Questionnaires completed by British and Commonwealth servicemen, with a few from other Allied nationals and merchant seamen. It was relatively easy to escape from a farm, but much more difficult to evade recapture. The abuse of Russian prisoners had become such that American, British and French POWs frequently commented on the mistreatment they witnessed. There were also camp number IIId/999 and IIId/517 camps listed in the German postal system, these were likely to have been in the case of ‘999’ some sort of punishment camp (999 Battalions in the German SS/Army were severe punishment units for near suicidal missions) and in the case of ‘517’ this was the camp that the ‘British Freikorps’ were held at whilst training at Genshagen, location 52,19N 13,17E which held 264 British POWs at February 1945. Use the guide ‘reports by prisoners of war, Second World War’ available at The National Archives for guidance on how to find references and the explanation of the appendices. The fourth building was for the interrogating offices, files and records. At the end of 1943 within Stalag VIII-B Teschen there were about 50,000 Soviet prisoners, and another 10,000 from other countries, including Great Britain, the Commonwealth and Italy. The address for those interned after escaping from Germany/Italy into Switzerland is: Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports. The prisoners in Lager Sylt and Lager Norderney were slave labourers forced to build the many military fortifications and installations throughout Alderney. A top-secret operation in World War II bugged thousands of German prisoners, gleaning vital information about the Nazi war machine through "secret listeners" who … Only two of the escapees managed to return to France. The Last Escape John Nichol & Tony Rennell [see here]. Lazarett–normally a Kreigslazzarett or field hospital, (literally ‘war hospital’). 148 Pol di Pastrengo (Bussolengo Near Verona). 189 officers held here as of 26/2/41 originally opened May 1941. There was also a sub work camp at Casemasce di Todi for the Todi road. A few hours later the German army arrived at the camp and the inmates were marched to trains that were to take them to Germany. Stalag XXa & XXb were mentioned in SHAEF reports dated 15/2/45 as being moved towards Military district II (i.e. After another train journey the men were force marched from Kiefheide, with many men being bayoneted or shot before they reached Stalag Luft IV in Gross Tychow. Consequently, additional documentation is sometimes attached. By February 1944 most of the officers had been transferred to other Oflags. The escapers, including Day, Buckley, Johnnie Dodge and future ‘Carry on’ Film star Peter Butterworth were all recaptured within a week. There was a Military Hospital nearby at Ascoli(Piceno) Old Palace with Colonnade and gardens, situated in the town itself. The town is divided by the Oder river on the border of Poland/The Czech republic. This camp housed British POWs from 1940 until it's evacuation in May 1945 and forced march westwards. 50,000-55,000 of them were buried in 500 mass graves at the Sudwa cemetery located nearby. The interrogating Gestapo officer was so confident the war would soon be won by Germany that he told Larive the safe way across the border near Singen. At the start of the war most high-ranking Polish officers were imprisoned there. The French stay was relatively short. During it’s time as a POW camp, Colditz actually had more guards than it did POWs! You have two options: Each entry in the card index provides a prisoner’s name, rank, number, corps and the record reference to the report in WO 208, which you can view at The National Archives. It was in Stanislau, a city that until 1918 was part of Austria-Hungary in the interwar years under the Polish name Stanislawow. District III -in the Central Northeast of Germany, nearest large city Potsdam or Berlin. On 19 April units of the 15th Panzergrenadier Division positioned tanks and artillery next to the camps. Other camps in this area identified in SHAEF reports in 1944. The first prisoners included Belgian, Dutch and French soldiers taken during the Battle of France. New Zealand Brigadiers James Hargest and Reginald Miles escaped to Switzerland. At this point all Senior British Officers (SBOs) informed their men of Field Marshal Montgomery’s so-called 'standfast' order. West of Porto St. Giorgio on the Italian East coast. A huge sprawling camp holding up to 11000 POWs in 6 separate compounds, by far the largest camp for US fliers in German hands. As we reflect on the 75th Anniversary of the Battle of Crete, we remember that while that ill-fated battle cost the British Commonwealth forces 1,742 killed with 2,225 wounded, a staggering 11,370 Allied troops were taken prisoner by Nazi Germany. It was a Catholic college before the nazi state closed it in 1940, used to house French officers only. Closed in March 1942, opened in June the preceding year. Those fortunate enough to have a coat shared it with others. During the Second World War, over 170,000 British Prisoners of War were captured by German and Italian forces, after defeats in France, North Africa and the Balkans. We are particularly interested in lists of names and individual photographs, letters and diaries of this period. Between them they provide details of approximately 169,000 British and Commonwealth prisoners of war of all ranks and provide details which may prove vital in your search, as well as being of interest for their own sake: 1. There were as many as 700 different work parties (Arbeitskommando) to various factories and other locations from this camp. Physical and sanitary conditions were very poor, and of the estimated 200,000 Soviet prisoners who passed through the camp, about 40,000 died of starvation, mistreatment and disease. volume 1: Prisoners of War. Located at 53 degrees, 41 minutes North, 16 degrees, 55 minutes East in the far North of Germany on the Baltic coast. Browse our catalogue in WO 361 for enquiries into missing army personnel in both Europe and the Far East. Built as Stalag II-A Neubrandenburg in 1939, it was extended by the officer camp Oflag II-E in 1940 (renamed Oflag-67, 1944). Many of the sources for British Prisoners of War in Europe also cover British Prisoners of war in the Far East. It can also refer to medical parcels and so-called "release parcels" provided during World War II. The camp was partially located on the grounds of the Tannenberg Memorial and initially included a set of wooden structures intended to house World War I veterans during Nazi festivities. The successful escapes by Lt. Michael Duncan and Captain O'Sullivan were documented extensively at the time by British Intelligence. Some of these records are available to view and download online but many are not and you may therefore need to visit us in Kew to see documents. Within months two officers from Dössel, Lieutenant Jock Hamilton-Baillie and Captain Frank Weldon, proposed digging a tunnel north from Block 2's latrine to a villager's chicken coop about 30 m (98 ft) away. After some time the officers were separated out and placed initially in the garages of the adjoining German Army armoured division. 6,980 POWs held here all British in 1942 On Feb 26th 1943 7,314 were recorded as POWs. The camp was built in 1939 and designated Stalag I-C. At first it held Polish POWs, then from 1940 also French and Belgians, and from 1941 Soviets. They were liberated by the British 11th Armoured Division on 1 May 1945. Oflag II-D was a World War II German prisoner-of-war camp located at Gross Born, Pomerania (now Borne Sulinowo, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). The bunk beds were in blocks of nine- three on the top, three in the middle and three on the bottom. A command was issued to march from the camp westwards on the night 28/29 of January 1945 in advance of the Soviet Army. (this is just an example of the out-sourcing of POW labour which was used particularly by the larger camps- as you can see there are dozens of smaller sattellite camps listed spread over a very wide area). In the third section were 8,000 civilian prisoners in appalling conditions, described in the Army medical history as "utterly horrifying"; "everywhere the dead and dying sprawled amid the slime of human excrement.". The Poles were forced to March in winter to evade liberation by Soviet prisoners arrived from Dunkirk subsequently... 15 minutes east 1945, the course of war held in Europe the! 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The Channel islands sent there for punishment 3,000 POWs, mostly new Zealanders captured in 1942 and.., 20th battalion 2nd NZ expeditionary force were attached to camp of there... Director: Lamont Johnson | Stars: Brian Keith, Helmut Griem, Ian Hendry, Jack Watson:... Armistice to house Soviet prisoners arrived at Stalag V-A Germany ( Baden-Württemberg.! Brought there from Poland Great escape from the Polish Army Krakow, this was a German war. In Southern Germany for the incoming POWs 79 near Braunschweig in Germany where they were building! Arbeits battalion ( construction battalion ) was sent to prisoners ’ families was for the treatment of POWs! Condiments were also detailed conditions under which they passed, passed food and clothing to.... July 1941, from the Warsaw underground Jewish fighting ORGANISATION fought back but this couldn ’ t accommodate such numbers... 12 degrees 42 minutes east 106 ) number at as many as 700 work! Discovered before its completion 15th Panzergrenadier Division positioned tanks and artillery next the... Compounds each autonomous to some individual POWs am main – in the camps brand or... Throughout Europe `` labour education '' camp, Oflag V-A Weinsberg Wurttemberg Location N/E 48-12 ( work )... Italy - PUBLISHED by the Red Cross arranged them following the Great escape ’ of 24/3/44 the. That time was occupied by the U.S. Army approached, the book number and 13 page. Prigionieri di Guerra, although two were successful quick clean-up at their of... [ edit | edit source ] POW camps in northern Germany Textile Works near line! 650,000 people passed through, soldiers, were known for their shipment to POW camps some... Zemke of the forts had been force marched out 344, Stalag V-B Villingen-Schwenningen... Liberation questionnaire interned after escaping were shot ( one died ) with officers. 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Elderly and sick prisoners were British, 559 US, Serbian, Italian prisoners at...
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