Grossman, M. (1972). (1993). Tests for unit roots: A Monte Carlo investigation. Infant mortality rate as an indicator of population health. "The government of Pakistan wants to stabilize the population (achieve zero growth rate) by 2020.And maximizing the usage of family planning methods is one of the pillars of the population program". Population Studies, 30(2), 249–261. (2005). Or, Z. In Pakistan, 24.3% of the population lives below the national poverty line in 2015. Phillips, P. C. B., & Perron, P. (1988). In collaboration with the government of Sindh’s Population Welfare Department, HP+ used the RAPID and ImpactNow models to develop evidence-based advocacy materials that highlight the impact … ADB. (1997). American Economic Association (AEA) Papers and Proceedings, 83, 337–342. Economic Journal, 108, 1–25. In S. Strom (Ed. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. FAO (2015). Health Economics Review, 5, 2. doi:10.1186/s13561-014-0037-z. Demography and welfare economics. A comparison of empirical models on determinants of infant mortality: A cross national study of Africa. Economic survey of Pakistan 2010–2011. Novignon, J., Olakojo, A. S., & Nonvignon, J. Preston, S. H. (1975). It is estimated that health spending has a significant impact on health status, specifically, development health spending and income are robust predictors of health status for the population in Pakistan and is seen to affect female life expectancy positively in both the short and in long run, however, it is important to note that the impact of income per capita is relatively stronger than that of public health spending. Income inequality, illiteracy and life expectancy in Brazil. This study explores the effects of population growth on economic development in Rwanda over the period of 1974–2013. (1982). Farag, M., et al. Engle, R. F., & Granger, C. W. (1987). More medical care, better health. All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. Techniques for testing the constancy of regression relations over time. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division Expert Paper No. Health Economics, 4, 157–167. Why reduce health inequalities? The analysis of the e⁄ects of health improvements on economic growth has been well ex-plored since Kelley (1988) found result that population had not e⁄ect on economic growth. Islamabad: Economic Advisor’s Wing, Ministry of finance. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. The population will also comprise a much larger proportion of younger people (63% below the age of 30). Jack, W. (1999). ), Long run economic relationships: Readings in cointegration. Washington DC: World Bank. Health expenditures, health outcomes and the role of good governance. B. Rao (Ed. The effect of medical personnel availability on health status, particularly in reducing infant and child mortality, remains statistically non-significant despite the bidirectional causal relationship between this variable and the infant and child mortality. duction and contraceptive methods, and the practice of family planning. Harris, R., & Sollis, R. (2003). Schultz, T. W. (1993). International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics, 13, 33–52. It is the only country in the world without a National Health Ministry. Economic survey of Pakistan 2011–2012. Cross country determinants of decline in infant mortality: A growth regression approach. Islamabad: Economic Advisor’s Wing, Ministry of Finance. You can help correct errors and omissions. 2011/7. World Bank discussion paper No. These demographic projections raise a number of issues for the country. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 54, 923–929. This is referred to as overpopulation. Musgrove, P. (1996). Pakistan Development Review, 33(4), 745–758. Applied time series modeling and forecasting. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. General contact details of provider: . Geneva: World Health Organization. Public profiles for Economics researchers, Various rankings of research in Economics & related fields, Curated articles & papers on various economics topics, Upload your paper to be listed on RePEc and IDEAS, RePEc working paper series dedicated to the job market, Pretend you are at the helm of an economics department, Data, research, apps & more from the St. Louis Fed, Initiative for open bibliographies in Economics, Have your institution's/publisher's output listed on RePEc. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 52, 169–210. These lessons are particularly relevant for developing countries while devising policy options for (2014). Hanmer, L., Lensink, R., & Howard, W. (2003). Flegg, A. T. (1982). ", M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. Suwal, J. V. (2001). What Determines Health Status of Population in Pakistan? Sen, A. Washington DC: World Bank Institute (WBI). For every 1,000 babies born in Pakistan in 2018, 69 die before their 5th birthday. 19.4 years: the Ragnar Frisch Centennial Symposium our rising population affecting human health: an international section. Econometric analyses of national health expenditures: can positive Economics help to answer questions. Pakistan ’ s population is expected to increase to 8.6 billion and eventually 11.2 billion by 2100 2005... Medical care as determinants of infant mortality and level of economic Research ( NBER ) time! R. V., & Juselius, K. ( 1990 ) childhood mortality in underdeveloped countries inequality... On determinants of infant mortality in underdeveloped countries Crémieux & Pierre Ouellette & Caroline Pilon, C. ( )...: time series data with the sample size from 1981 to 2010 Caribbean? caused by a falling rate! 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